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The Paris Agreement is a binding international climate treaty, adapted to the ambitions and capabilities of all nations. It was adopted at the end of COP21 and is also an additional protocol to the UNFCCC. While its main objective is to limit the average temperature increase to 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and to less than 1.5 degrees Celsius above this level, the Paris Agreement also aims to strengthen adaptability and resilience to the effects of climate change and to implement financial flows tailored to these goals. The Paris Agreement was launched at the signing on April 22, 2016 (Earth Day) at a ceremony in New York. [59] After the agreement was ratified by several EU member states in October 2016, there were enough countries that had ratified the agreement to produce enough greenhouse gases in the world for the agreement to enter into force. [60] The agreement came into force on November 4, 2016. [2] It is rare that there is consensus among almost all nations on a single subject. But with the Paris agreement, world leaders agreed that climate change was driven by human behaviour, that it was a threat to the environment and to humanity as a whole, and that global action was needed to stop it. In addition, a clear framework has been put in place for all countries to make commitments to reduce emissions and strengthen these measures over time.

Here are some great reasons why the agreement is so important: the Paris Agreement reflects the collective belief of almost every nation in the world that climate change is humanity`s war, and unmasks America`s climate-sceptics – including Trump – as global outliers. Indeed, the mobilization of support for climate action across the country and around the world gives hope that the Paris Agreement has marked a turning point in the fight against climate change. We can all contribute to the cause by looking for ways to reduce contributions to global warming, at the individual, local and national levels. The effort will be worth the reward of a safer and cleaner world for future generations. While the enhanced transparency framework is universal and the global inventory is carried out every five years, the framework must provide „integrated flexibility“ to distinguish the capabilities of developed and developing countries. In this context, the Paris Agreement contains provisions to improve the capacity-building framework. [58] The agreement recognizes the different circumstances of some countries and notes, in particular, that the technical review of experts for each country takes into account the specific capacity of that country to report. [58] The agreement also develops a capacity-building initiative for transparency to help developing countries put in place the necessary institutions and procedures to comply with the transparency framework.

[58] In order to „significantly reduce the risks and effects of climate change,“ the agreement calls for the average increase in global temperature over this century to be well below 2 degrees Celsius, while continuing efforts to limit the increase in temperature to 1.5 degrees Celsius.